Until recently, I didn’t think there was anything new I had to learn or share about narrative point of view—its various options are simple enough to map out in a workshop.
You can write in the first person, as one of your characters, or in the third person, as an anonymous observer. (The rare story-teller chooses the instructional second person—which is what I’m doing here.) From each vantage, you can also vary the narrator’s distance from the action. Thus in the first person, the “I” may be the central protagonist or a more peripheral witness to what’s happening to the protagonist. Similarly, a third person narrator may be situated virtually in the mind of the protagonist, or may hover above the created world enjoying access to several minds. In the case of the fly-on-the-wall point of view, the narration denies access to everyone’s mind, and sticks strictly to external action and dialogue.
The Power Of Point Of View